How to Obtain an Indian Heavy Motor Vehicle License

Obtaining a heavy motor vehicle licence in India is a must for anyone looking to drive commercial vehicles. This licence ensures not only legal compliance but also road safety. In this detailed tutorial, we will look at how to obtain a heavy motor vehicle licence in India, including the eligibility criteria, required papers, and actions to take to get this permit.

What is a Heavy Motor Vehicle License?

A heavy motor vehicle licence is an official document that allows people to operate commercial vehicles of a specific weight and category. The licence is provided by India’s Regional Transport Office (RTO) and is a legal necessity for anyone who wants to operate heavy vehicles for business purposes. It certifies that the license holder has met the relevant qualifications and possesses the skills and knowledge needed to operate heavy motor vehicles safely and responsibly.

Eligibility Criteria for Heavy Motor Vehicle Licences

To be qualified for a heavy vehicle licence in India, candidates must complete the following requirements.

The minimum age for commercial vehicles is 18 years. Some states have an age limit of 20 years.

Educational Qualifications: To verify that the applicant understands fundamental road and traffic signs and symbols, they must have finished their schooling up to the eighth grade.

Learner’s Licence: Prior possession of a Learner’s Licence for at least 30 days is required before applying for a heavy motor vehicle licence.

Mental and Physical Well-Being: The applicant must possess sound mental health, as it is obvious that providing a license to an individual with mental instability pose a danger to themselves and others on the road. Furthermore, the applicant should be in good physical condition.

Driving Training: To be eligible for a heavy vehicle licence, the applicant must first complete driving training at a government training school or an institute affiliated with the State Government.

Documents Required for a Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence

Here are the documents required to obtain a heavy motor vehicle licence in India.

  • Address Verification Document (accepted proofs include passport, voter ID, ration card, Aadhaar card, and utility bill)
  • Proof of Identity (accepted proofs include PAN card, voter ID, passport, Aadhaar card, birth certificate, or 10th-grade certificate)
  • Medical Certificate issued by a qualified medical practitioner (Form 1A).
  • Certificate issued by a driving school or institute (Form 5).
  • Passport-size pictures.

How To Apply for a Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence Online

Here’s how to apply for a heavy motor vehicle licence online.

Step 1: Visit the driving licence online apply website.

Step 2: Hover over ‘Online Services’ and select ‘Driving Licence Related Services’.

Step 3: Select the desired state from the dropdown menu where you want to apply.

Step 4: Select ‘Apply for Driving Licence’.

Step 5: Press ‘Continue’.

Step 6: Enter your “Learning License Number” and “Date of Birth” to proceed.

Step 7: Fill out the application form with your information and choose which license category you desire.

Step 8: Choose ‘Next’.

Step 9: Follow the timetable and go to the RTO (Regional Transport Office).

Types of Heavy Motor Vehicle Licenses

In India, heavy motor vehicle licenses are classified depending on vehicle category and weight. These licenses allow people to drive certain types of commercial vehicles. The following are the most prevalent forms of heavy motor vehicle licenses.

Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) Licence

This license type is intended for those who want to operate heavy freight vehicles for commercial purposes.

Trucks, trailers, tankers, and other goods transporters are among the vehicles covered.

HGV licenses are essential for transporting goods over vast distances or within the country.

Heavy Passenger Vehicle (HPV) Licence

Individuals who want to drive heavy passenger cars must first obtain an HPV licence.

It includes vehicles such as buses, minibuses, and coaches used for public or private hiring.

Individuals who operate on public transportation must obtain an HPV licence.

Heavy Construction Equipment (HCE) Licence.

This licensing category is for operating heavy construction equipment used in the construction industry.

It includes cranes, excavators, bulldozers, loaders, and concrete mixers.

Individuals working in construction, infrastructure development, or similar sectors must hold an HCE license to operate such equipment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about heavy motor vehicle licensing.


Can I apply for a heavy motor vehicle licence directly, or must I first receive a Learner’s Licence?

Prior possession of a Learner’s Licence online for at least 30 days is required when applying for a heavy motor vehicle licence. The LL lets persons practice driving under supervision before taking the driving test.

How long is a heavy vehicle licence valid in India?

A heavy motor vehicle licence in India is typically valid for three years from the date of issuing.

Can I renew my heavy motor vehicle licence after it has expired?

Yes, you can renew it. When a heavy vehicle licence expires. However, you may be required to pay additional fees due to a delay in renewing. The renewal process typically consists of submitting an application, paying the prescribed amount, and giving an updated medical certificate.

How much does it cost to get a heavy motor vehicle licence in India?

The fees for acquiring a heavy motor vehicle license vary by state and vehicle category. The exact fees can be obtained from the Regional Transport Office (RTO) in your area.